More Americans are moving to smaller cities in search of a better quality of life.
They're leaving places like Los Angeles, Chicago and New York for mid-sized cities such as Phoenix, Las Vegas and Dallas, according to an analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
A huge draw for these second-tier cities is that the cost of housing consumes a much smaller chunk of people's salaries. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than half of the people who move do so for housing-related reasons. They're looking for a new or better home, cheaper housing, or to buy a home rather than rent.
It costs about $4,100 a month to rent a place in Manhattan. That's almost two-thirds of New York City's median household income of $83,500. Buying a home is even more out of reach. The average cost of a home in the area is $1.1 million.
More than half a million people left the New York boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens over a five-year period between 2012 and 2017.
In Los Angeles, the metropolitan county with the largest outbound net domestic migration, rent costs about $2,100 a month - about 38 percent of average income. Houses cost around $630,000, almost 10 times the average annual salary of $66,000.
LA County lost about 381,000 people over a five-year period.
According to the report, the cost of living can be a lot less expensive in the Phoenix area, which welcomed more net domestic newcomers over the past five years - 221,000 people - than any other part of the country.
The average household income in Phoenix is about $63,000, rent is about $1,100 a month, and the median price of a house is $280,000 - that's $350,000 less than in the LA metropolitan area.
In the Las Vegas area, the rent ($1,000) will only consume 21 percent of the average salary ($57,000) and purchasing a house would set a buyer back about $273,000.
The analysis found that housing is about two times cheaper in the top markets that attracted people than in the areas that are losing the most in terms of population.
Chicago appears to be an exception. People are leaving the Windy City to get away from high taxes. Property taxes are higher there than almost anywhere else in the United States.
It is not as though the places that are losing people are suffering due to the exodus. Eight of the 10 counties with the biggest net population losses are still growing overall because of births and immigration.